Cancer is a group of conditions where the body's cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy parts of the body.
Most cases of prostrate cancer develop in men aged 65 or older. Prostate cancer normally causes no symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra. The symptoms can be similar to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), listed above.
Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles, and unexplained weight loss.
Unlike many cancers it usually progresses very slowly, but early detection is still really important.
It can take up to 15 years for the cancer to spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, typically the bones.
Bowel cancer is the third most common cancer in the UK. Symptoms include blood in your stools, an unexplained change in your bowel habits (such as constipation or diarrhoea over a long period of time), pains in the tummy that are severe and continual and weight loss. There are various factors that can increase your risk of getting bowel cancer.
To reduce your risk of getting bowel cancer, you should:
- Take part in the screening programme when you are eligible
- Drink 6-8 glasses of water a day
- Eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day
- Increase your fibre intake
- Reduce your intake of red meat
- Stop smoking
- Exercise regularly
Testicular cancer primarily affects younger men (normally between the age of 20 and 50 years old). The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in the testicles. Other symptoms may include a dull ache in the scrotum.
Testicular cancer is one of the most treatable cancers. As with all cancers, early detection is important. Self examination can be done on a monthly basis in the following way:
- Complete the self examination when the skin of the scrotum is soft, such as while lying in a warm bath
- Examine the scrotum, feeling for any lumps on the skin or inside
- Gently roll the testicle between the thumb and forefinger to examine each one
- Bear in mind that one will always be bigger than the other, and hang a little lower. This is perfectly normal
If you have any concerns, you should speak to either your Pharmacist or your GP.
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer among white populations, in the UK and worldwide. The best way to prevent against all types of skin cancer is to stay safe in the sun as follows:
- Apply minimum SPF15 sunscreen at least 30 minutes before exposure to the sun
- Sunscreen should be reapplied every two hours and after towelling and swimming
- Stick to the shade or cover up using a T-shirt, hat & sunglasses between 11am and 3pm
- Drink plenty of water and avoid alcoholic drinks, as these will dehydrate you
Avoid using sunlamps or sunbeds, as these can be more dangerous than natural sunlight. They use a concentrated source of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which increases the risk of skin cancer.
If you need further information regarding mens health please visit your local Alphega pharmacy and ask your pharmacist, for advice.
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