The Long Term Effects of Smoking on Your Health
Increased cancer risks
Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals which first hit the mouth, nose, throat and
then the lungs. At least 40 of these are known to cause cancer - so it is little wonder that the risk of oral, nasal and throat cancer is dramatically increased in smokers. Lung cancer caused by smoking affects nearly 30,000 people a year in the UK.
About 25,000 people in the UK die each year from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD). This is a serious lung disease that includes bronchitis and emphysema. More
than eight in 10 of these deaths are directly related to smoking.
Reduced life expectancy
Half of all long term smokers will die prematurely as a direct result of smoking - and half of those will only be middle aged. On average, smoking can reduce life expectancy by 14 years.