Conception and Fertility 

Conception & fertility
Many couples believe that it is easy to become pregnant (conceive), and are often surprised when they are not successful as soon as they start trying for a baby. However, eight out of ten couples trying for a baby conceive in the first year of trying, and most generally do so within two years of trying.

Improving your changes:

  • Ovulation predictor kits can help to predict when ovulation occurs. 
  • Having a healthy lifestyle by making sure you are: At a healthy weight and not underweight or overweight.
  • Non smokers. In men smoking can reduce the motility of sperm. In women it can increase the risk of miscarriage, low birth weight or a premature birth
  • Not drinking alcohol. Excess alcohol consumption in men can lead to reduced quality and quantity of sperm produced. In women, it can cause abnormalities to the unborn baby



There are various types of contraception available to avoid pregnancy:
  • Ovulation preventing (contraceptive pill, injections, implants and patches)
  • Physically preventing the sperm from reaching the egg (diaphragm, female and male condoms) 
  • Intrauterine Device (IUD), which is inserted into the womb by a GP and stops the egg from implanting in the womb


Emergency contraception 

Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy if a method of contraception has failed or after having unprotected intercourse. There are three options:
  • Levonelle One Step. This tablet contains levonorgestrel and can be used up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. It is most effective if taken as soon as possible after the event. This is available free of charge on a prescription or can be bought from your pharmacy provided you are over 16 years of age and the Pharmacist deems it suitable for use 
  • ellaOne. This tablet that can be taken up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. It is only available on prescription and only recommended in women over the age of 18
  • IUD. This can be fitted by a GP up to five days after unprotected sex

Emergency contraception should not be used as a regular method of contraception and should be seen as a last resort should one of your usual contraceptive methods fail.


If you still have any questions or are worried about your sexual health, find your local Alphega Pharmacy on our 'Pharmacy Locator' and speak with your Pharmacist, who will be happy to offer you friendly, confidential, expert advice.




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