Menopause: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The menopause is when a woman stops having her periods naturally and as such is no longer able to get pregnant. Learning how to manage the menopause will become increasingly important as our life expectancy increases.

For most women, the menopause generally starts around the ages of 45 - 51, however, a small amount of women can start experiencing the symptoms much earlier in life.

Menopause Symptoms

  • Hot flushes – usually in the neck, face and chest

  • Night sweats

  • A reduced sex drive (libido)

  • Problems with memory and concentration

  • Vaginal dryness and pain, itching or discomfort during sex

  • Headaches

  • Low mood or anxiety

  • Palpitations – heartbeats that suddenly become more noticeable.

  • Joint stiffness, aches and pains

  • Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), such as cystitis

Menopause symptoms

Treating Menopause 

Not all women want or need treatment to relieve symptoms of the menopause, but treatments are available if you find the symptoms particularly distressing.

The main treatment for menopausal symptoms is hormone replacement therapy (HRT), although other treatments are also available for some of the symptoms. It is important to understand HRT treatment and your pharmacist is the best person to ask before you decide asking your Doctor for a prescription.

Hot flushes and night sweats

If you experience hot flushes and night sweats as a result of the menopause, simple measures may sometimes help, such as:

  • Wearing light clothing
  • Keeping your bedroom cool at night
  • Taking a cool shower, using a fan or having a cold drink
  • Reduce your stress levels
  • Avoiding potential triggers, such as spicy food, caffeine, smoking and alcohol
  • Taking regular exercise and losing weight if you're overweight
Hot flushes and night sweats

How can Alphega Pharmacy help you?

  • Help you to identify if you are experiencing the first symptoms of menopause.

  • Give you contraceptive advice during this period.

  • Clarify any questions or concerns that you might have regarding HRT.

  • Support on how to ease the symptoms of menopause.

  • Provide advice on any alternative therapies to treat the symptoms of menopause.

Please feel free to come and speak to us about your concerns and anxieties, we are here to listen to you and support you going through this change.